Interview as a technique of collecting information: strategy of concerns

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Interview as a technique of collecting information: strategy of concerns

It’s important to tell apart interviews as a technique of collecting information and interviewing as a genre. In the first situation, meeting, that is, interaction with individuals, is one of three straight ways to get information with a researcher. Two different ways are:

  • observation, as soon as the researcher himself is an eyewitness regarding the event,
  • dealing with documents, in which the document means any product provider containing texts and pictures.

Types of interviews and their function

Interviews as a way of data gathering in change are divided in to:

  • genre (for preparation of text into the genre of interview),
  • investigative (for information),
  • reportage (to determine the traits of an individual, then to reflect them within the text).

The reportage interview was talked about within the previous chapter. In regards to the investigative shall learn within the chapter on information retrieval. The theme for this chapter is interview as being a genre, being a means of text formatting in the form of questions from a interviewer in addition to responses for the interlocutor. During the same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, where in fact the quantity of questions regarding the researcher is minimized (sometimes they are no after all), in the other pole – a discussion, once the journalist not just asks concerns, but additionally talks much with long arguments.

The truth that the meeting is a discussion, suggests concerning the exact same level of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. The interviewer answers take 70-90% of the text in the usual interview. A conversation may be conducted by a journalist, by authority equivalent to the interlocutor, so the viewpoint of the journalist has also been interesting to readers, once the viewpoint regarding the interlocutor. If a regular journalist talks the maximum amount of or more in a job interview being an interlocutor, this is certainly a sign of insufficient qualification.

Forms of interviews with respect to the topic. Subject interview

According to the subject, you will find three types of interviews:

  • subject,
  • personal,
  • subject-personal.

Topic of the interview that is subject their state of things in almost any field of activity. Usually that is a job interview with an expert, a genre of logical publicism. The interlocutor is interesting towards the journalist just as much as he is associated with this continuing state of affairs. For instance, an officer tells how exactly to protect a condo from thieves. A doctor describes simple tips to protect your self through the flu epidemic. The advisor that is financial a forecast just how long the crisis will likely be from the trade. Neither the interlocutor’s viewpoint on conditions that deviate through the meeting topic, nor the private life of the interlocutor is of great interest.

The structure associated with subject interview comprises of three components. First, they show the interlocutor’s experience of the subject. Then there’s a parsing regarding the topic for the true purpose of its presentation, clarification and evaluation. The interview that is subject aided by the streamlining of that which was said, summarizing, practical guidelines to readers.

The hero associated with interview that is subject additionally be an eyewitness or participant in case. This will be information interview, one of many news genres. The duty associated with the journalist would be to learn whenever you can the main points and information on just what occurred. As in the scenario of a specialist, the interlocutor’s interaction using the topic is first shown, then your topic is deepened, therefore the ending is specialized in basic impressions of just what happened therefore the conclusions that the interlocutor made.